About the Sonoran Desert

Facts About the Sonoran Desert

Some interesting facts about the Sonoran Desert:

  • Phoenix, Arizona is the largest city located within the Sonoran Desert.
  • The Sonoran Desert is considered the wettest desert in the world. It can receive 25 inches of rain per year in some places.
  • It  is often called the low desert.
  • The Sonoran Desert encompasses the U.S. states of Arizona and California as well as the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

about the sonoran desert

What makes the Sonoran Desert Special?

The Sonoran Desert is the only place in the world where the Saguaro cactus grow naturally.

Saguaro National Park - Sonoran Desert

Saguaro National Park

Often perceived as hot and dusty, many believe the desert is void of life. However, it is beautiful and is home to over 2,000 native plants.

Some popular cactus include the cholla, beavertail, hedgehog, prickly pear, ocotillo, and organ pipe to name a few.

Agaves, Creosote bush , mesquite, palo verde trees are abundant here as well. The Creosote bush is the signature smell in Arizona after a rainfall.

In addition, many palm trees and tropical plants can survive here in the Sonoran Desert. Spring brings fantastic blooms. The desert landscape pops with gorgeous pink, white, yellow and red flowers.  The desert wildflower displays are stunning with the mountains and cactus as backdrops.

The Sonoran Desert is home to millions of people, and many species of animals, reptiles and birds.

Javelinas in Payson

Javelinas in Payson

Common Creatures

  •  javelina
  • coyotes
  • bobcats
  • gila monsters
  • scorpions
  • tarantula
  • quail
  • roadrunners
  • various lizards
  • cactus wren
  • bighorn sheep
  • pronghorn antelope

Arizona is home to over 350 bird species including 15 species of hummingbirds. In fact southeastern Arizona has some of the best hummingbird viewing areas in the country.

Hummingbird in Arizona

Hummingbird in Arizona

To learn more about desert plant and wild life visit the: